The 5 Types of Plumbing Pipes
The 5 Types of Plumbing Pipes
You can use different types of plumbing pipes in many ways. These include carrying water to your kitchen faucet and delivering waste to the sewage system. Since ancient times, these types of drainage systems and delivery systems have been in use. The Greeks used clay pipes for water transport to their homes and public buildings. Cast iron, terracotta, and galvanized metal became more popular in the early 20th century.
The understanding of lead poisoning has advanced as a result. There are many different types and uses for pipes. This list includes PVC and PEX as well ABS and copper. For more information, please refer to the below.
The 5 Major Types of Plumbing Pipes You Need for Your Home Plumbing System
1. PVC Pipes
The most common use of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes is as part of a sink or toilet line. This is because the PVC tubing protects water from rust better than other types of pipe. PVC pipe is extremely durable because of this capability. PVC pipes can last for decades unless they are damaged.
PVC pipes can also handle high-pressure water. PVC pipe can also be used to supply water to your home. It is lighter than traditional galvanized piping, making it easier for you to work with. PVC pipes have a smooth inner liner that protects them from sediment buildup and is more resistant to blocking.
PVC pipe has some limitations, such as its inability to withstand heat and toxicity. PVC piping passes all standards of the American National Standards Institute. However, it is possible that it could introduce polyvinyl chloride chemicals to drinking water. This could cause respiratory or reproductive problems. PVC plumbing pipes are prohibited from being used to transport drinking water in some states.
2. PEX Pipes
The PEX (or cross-linked Polyethylene) piping refers to a low-cost plastic tubing that is commonly used for water supply lines. Similar to PVC pipes, it prevents rust and corrosion from leaching into the water.
PEX pipes continue to be popular with professionals because of their flexibility and ease of use through crawl spaces, basements, walls, and ceilings. The pipes are strong enough for the water pressures. Cross-linked polyethylene pipe can also be color-coded to indicate hot or cold water. This makes it easier for plumbers to identify and organize when are on the job.
3. ABS Pipes
Although it looks similar to PVC pipes, the black Acrylonitrilebutadiene styrene pipe (ABS) is easy to identify due to its color. Acrylonitrile butadiene is also extremely resistant to cold temperatures. It is used primarily for drain and vent lines.
Although this type of plumbing pipe can be installed quickly, direct sunlight can cause it to warp. ABS pipes can be noisy, which can lead to disturbances in the homes of homeowners.
4. Copper Pipes
Copper pipe has been a common fixture in the plumbing industry for many decades. Copper pipe is a durable and long-lasting type of plumbing pipe that can be used for sinks, tubs, and other fixtures in old and new homes. Copper pipes are popular with plumbers and homeowners because they resist corrosion and protect the water's quality.
Copper pipes can handle high water pressure, and they are resistant to both hot water and cold water temperatures. It's also able to be recycled, making it a somewhat environmentally-friendly option.
However, there are some disadvantages. It is not possible for plumbers to use copper piping within tight spaces because it is so rigid. It is also one of the most expensive types of plumbing pipe. Projects involving copper pipes will become more costly as copper prices continue to rise.
5. Galvanized Steel and Cast Iron Pipes
Although they are rare in new construction, galvanized and cast iron pipes are often found in older homes. Cast iron plumbing pipes are still in use today for parts of water distribution systems.
Cast iron pipes were primarily used for sewer pipes and other drainage purposes. They are heat resistant and make it less noisy than moving water. This is why they have been so popular.
The cast-iron pipe is susceptible to corrosion and rust. It will lose its ability to provide clean water over time. These pipes have been replaced largely by copper or PEX pipe in residential plumbing repairs.
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