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This article has been translated from our Spanish edition using AI technologies. Errors can occur due to this process.
After months of negotiations and delays due to the coronavirus pandemic, the European Union and the United Kingdom have finally reached a final agreement to set the terms of what is known as Brexit. Although the split became official on January 31, 2020, it was agreed that the rest of the year would be a transition period to refine details about their future relationship, particularly on commercial matters.
The deadline for a solution would be December 31, and it was feared that there would be no agreement. But almost at the last moment, the European bloc and the British government solved the most difficult problems. You no longer have to adhere to World Trade Organization (WTO) regulations, which would have meant new tariffs, regulatory controls and a lot of paperwork.
The deal is closed. pic.twitter.com/zzhvxOSeWz
– Boris Johnson (@BorisJohnson) December 24, 2020
The news was released on December 24th as if it were a Christmas present for those involved.
“The UK remains a trustworthy partner. We will work shoulder to shoulder to achieve our common global goals. But now let's turn the page and look to the future. I say to all Europeans: it is time to leave Brexit behind. Our future is made in Europe, ”said the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, on Twitter.
Britain remains a trustworthy partner. We will stand shoulder to shoulder to achieve our common global goals.
But now let's turn the page and look to the future.
I say to all Europeans: it is time to leave Brexit behind.
Our future lies in Europe. pic.twitter.com/QefWjB5KdH
– Ursula von der Leyen (@vonderleyen), December 24, 2020
The final document is 1,200 pages long and contains details on issues that will affect the daily lives of residents of both areas.
Here is a summary of the key points of the post-Brexit deal:
There are no additional charges for goods (tariffs) or restrictions on the amount that can be traded between the UK and the EU from January 1st (quotas).
There will be additional controls at the borders, such as security checks and customs declarations. Therefore, companies that depend on the transport of goods in and out of the EU need to be prepared.
For services, including finance (very important to the UK economy), the picture is still unclear. Services will lose their right of automatic access, but the UK said the deal "blocks market access in virtually all sectors".
There will be no more automatic recognition of certificates for professionals such as doctors, nurses and architects.
Britain will become an independent coastal state and will have control over access to its waters and fishing grounds.
However, EU vessels can fish in UK waters for at least a few years.
25% of the value of your current catch is now available to UK fishing vessels. There will be a five and a half year transition period for this to happen gradually.
After the transition period, the UK and EU will regularly negotiate access to each other's waters.
UK citizens will need a visa to stay in the EU for more than 90 days in a 180-day period and there will be additional border controls for UK travelers.
European Union pet passports are no longer valid.
British travelers will still have access to emergency medical care in the EU. European Health Insurance Cards (TSE) remain valid until they expire. According to the UK government, they will need to be replaced with a UK Global Health Insurance Card.
In the area of mobile telephony, both agreed to work with "fair and transparent tariffs for international roaming". However, nothing prevents UK travelers from charging more for the use of their phone in the EU and vice versa.
The UK will no longer participate in the EU Erasmus exchange program, which helps students continue part of their academic education in other countries. In its place is a new program named after the mathematician Alan Turing.
Students from universities in Northern Ireland will continue to participate in Erasmus by agreement with the Irish government.
The UK no longer has automatic access to key databases but can access them on request.
The country will no longer be a member of Europol, the EU police authority, but will be present at its headquarters. This will be a similar arrangement to what the United States currently has.
European Court of Justice
The UK will no longer be bound by rulings from the European Court of Justice, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said.
With information from BBC.com.