Weekly Recap of Local weather and Vitality Information # 432

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The week that was: 2020-11-21 (November 21, 2020)
Presented by SEPP (www.SEPP.org)
The science and environmental project

Quote of the week: “Everything we call real consists of things that cannot be seen as real. If quantum mechanics didn't shock you deeply, you haven't understood it yet. "- Niels Bohr (1885-1962)

Number of weeks: 75% and 145%

THIS WEEK:

By Ken Haapala, President of the Science and Environment Policy Project (SEPP)

Greenhouse continuation: In the last few weeks, TWTW has described work by W. A. ​​van Wijngaarden and W. Happer (W & H) on the heat radiation of the five most common greenhouse gases. The most common greenhouse gas, water vapor, and the second most common carbon dioxide are extremely saturated. This means that a significant increase in the concentrations of these gases in the atmosphere would be required to have a significant impact on global temperatures. For carbon dioxide to have a significant impact on temperatures, more coal and oil would have to be burned than is known. (Methane clathrates on the continental shelf contain enough CH4 to provide 3,000 years of all energy for 2020.)

Howard Hayden, professor emeritus of physics, spent most of his research career studying accelerator-based atomic and molecular collisions and published his first paper on the subject in 1964. Hayden, director of SEPP, sent a working paper entitled “CO2 and Climate: A Tutorial. "Although his approach is slightly different, Hayden's article affirms W & H's findings: adding CO2 to today's atmosphere will not cause significant (or dangerous) warming.

Hayden asked W & H to calculate the greenhouse effects of an atmosphere with 50 ppm volume (ppmv). 100 ppmv, 200 ppmv, 400 ppmv (roughly today's atmosphere) and 800 ppmv. They responded promptly and Hayden clearly illustrated the results.

By explaining the impact of CO2 on the world today, Hayden eliminates many of the complications of climate, such as: B. Changes in natural influences that lead to ice ages, which are interrupted by short warm periods, changing sun, changing clouds and changing ocean currents, air circulation, etc. For the sake of argumentation, he assumes that we have solved the basic problems of fluid dynamics that we have not have.

He then goes to the problem physicists of the 19th century, why is the earth warmer than it should be? They concluded that something in the atmosphere is warming up by blocking some of the cooling. As mentioned in previous TWTWs, Irish physicist John Tyndall began experiments in 1859 describing the partial blockage of the cooling of the globe by so-called greenhouse gases (GHGs), the primary being water vapor. They block the cooling effect of planets. As Hayden writes:

“Since the earth can only give off heat from the sun through radiation – and it has to be infrared (IR) radiation – you need to find someone who is familiar with the interaction between IR and the molecules in the atmosphere. ”

Hayden then asks and then answers the basic question:

“Is CO2 a powerful greenhouse gas? The answer: It depends on."(The original is bold in italics.)

The answer depends on the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. The strength decreases with increasing concentration. Something like the acceleration of a car with no gears. It accelerates quickly at first, but when it reaches top speed, the acceleration slows down no matter how hard the driver pushes the gas blade to the ground. As the CO2 concentration increases, the influence of each molecule decreases.

“The lesson here is that CO2 in low concentrations is a very effective IR absorber and therefore a very effective greenhouse gas. By this we mean that the greenhouse effect increases significantly if a little more CO2 is added.

"At higher CO2 concentrations, adding more CO2 does little to increase the greenhouse effect, since most (not all) of the IR that CO2 can absorb is already absorbed."

When CO2 is no longer an effective IR absorber, the wavelengths are said to be saturated. Additional absorption requires absorption by other IR wavelengths, which are not as easily absorbed.

“In other words, CO2 is a powerful greenhouse gas in very low concentrations. At its current concentration, CO2 is a weak greenhouse gas. This information was there long before Al Gores An uncomfortable truthand long before the first evaluation report FAR) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

"To change a fashionable phrase: Wavelength matters. Any "climate discussion" that ignores the details of the spectrum is ignoring the relevant science. "(Original in bold italics.)

Hayden illustrates the calculations of the IR absorption properties with photographs of razor cutouts of graphs based on W&H calculations. A picture shows the IR emissions of the earth's surface at a certain temperature if the atmosphere were transparent, no greenhouse gases, no clouds and no fine particles (dust). A second picture shows the part of the emissions that is blocked by the atmosphere (greenhouse gases). A third image shows the IR emissions into space coming from the surface and the atmosphere.

It is important to know that a significant portion of IR emissions from the globe into space do not come from the surface, but from greenhouse gases in the upper atmosphere. Numerous internal processes such as evaporation (which cools the surface) and condensation (which transfers this heat to the atmosphere) are important, but ultimately the globe only gives off heat to space through infrared radiation.

Although not as accurate as the actual calculations, Hayden's pictures clearly show the changes in the IR absorption properties of CO2 as changes in CO2 concentrations. The pattern of atmospheric CO2 absorption from infrared radiation does not change significantly, but the frequency range (width) is slowly expanding. This shows the logarithmic relationships between CO2 and temperature increases. Based on calculations by W & H, Hayden developed a diagram of IR blocking by CO2. This graph shows the logarithmic relationship between the infrared radiation blocked in watts per square meter (W / m2) and the atmospheric CO2 concentration (ppmv). Some important points stand out:

First, the 50 ppmv IR block – only one eighth of the current CO2 concentration – is about 75% of the current amount of CO2 block, as mentioned above. Second, the current IR blocking is around 30 W / m2, only 20% of the total (150 W / m2), in accordance with the 20% figure given by Siegel (3) (given in the publication but not here). Third, the increase in blockage between 400 ppmv and its double at 800 ppmv is around 3 W / m2, which is roughly what the IPCC used in its third assessment report in 2001, and 3 .5 W / m2 as used in the present models. Nothing is controversial here.

In the consequences section, Hayden discusses the degree of correspondence between what he writes and what the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has reported. Hayden continues:

However, if the spectrum is not taken into account, it will lead to wrong conclusions. Likewise, failure to differentiate between the surface of the earth and the earth as a whole is a misunderstanding of what is happening.

To understand physics, we repeat that the solar radiation absorbed by the earth is exactly in equilibrium with the radiation emitted by the earth Earth as a wholee, namely 244 W / m². Increasing the CO2 concentration necessarily decreases the amount of IR that is emitted in the CO2 band and heats the surface somewhat. The heated surface emits more IR at all wavelengthsThis allows more IR to escape at other wavelengths (without CO2). In other words, if all other things stay the same, the earth will still emit 244 W / m2 averaged over the entire globe into space. In other words, the effective black body temperature of the earth (including the atmosphere) does not change … ”(Boldface Italics in the original.)

TWTW will continue to Hayden's article next week to include comments. The paper reaffirms the research showing that the relationship between CO2 and temperatures is logarithmic. Adding CO2 to the current atmosphere results in little warming, and capturing and sequestering carbon dioxide is an exercise of little value.

See www.energyadvocate.com “The Carbon-Climate Relationship: A Tutorial” and links under Challenging Orthodoxy.

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Functional obsolescence: After reviewing the work of W & H and Hayden, TWTW searched for recent research from NASA on the role of CO2 in temperatures. The links went to the paper by Gavin Schmidt from 2010, now head of NASA-GISS (Goddard Institute of Space Studies) with the title “Measuring the Greenhouse Effect”. There is a diagram of the outgoing spectral radiation, measured at the top of the earth's atmosphere compared to blackbody emissions (no greenhouse gases). It is similar to that used by W&H and Hayden.

The report says:

“We find that water vapor is the dominant substance – responsible for around 50% of the absorption, clouds for around 25% – and CO2 for 20% of the effect. The rest consists of the other minor greenhouse gases, such as ozone and methane, and a small amount of particles in the air (dust and other “aerosols”). "

Then Schmidt's kicker comes:

"Given that CO2 plays such an important role in the natural greenhouse effect, it makes intuitive sense that changes in its concentration due to human activity can significantly increase the greenhouse effect. However, calculating the effects of a CO2 change is very different from calculating the current role in relation to water vapor and clouds. This is because these two other substances depend on temperatures and atmospheric circulation in a way that CO2 does not. For example, as the temperature rises, the maximum sustainable water vapor concentration increases by around 7% per degree Celsius. Clouds also depend on temperature, pressure, convection and the amount of water vapor. A change in CO2, which affects the greenhouse effect, also changes the water vapor and clouds. Therefore, the overall greenhouse effect after a change in CO2 must also take into account the resulting changes in the other components. If for example The CO2 concentrations are doubled, then the absorption would increase by 4 W / m2, but as soon as the water vapor and the clouds react, the absorption increases by almost 20 W / m2 – demonstrate this (at least in the GISS climate model) The “feedback” amplifies the effects of the initial radiative forcing through CO2 alone. Past climate data suggests that this also happens in the real world. (Bold added.)

As Hayden shows, the effect of adding a little CO2 to the atmosphere decreases with increasing concentration. How can it be that the addition of some CO2 to the atmosphere suddenly increases? In addition, the climate effect of adding CO2 is no more and no less than a certain increase in surface temperature. Any temperature rise for whatever reason should, according to Schmidt's argument, be amplified by the same factor of five. In other words, any temperature disturbance should turn into scorching heat.

It is very clear that modelers are failing to model clouds that NASA-GISS believes represent a positive greenhouse effect (which contributes to warming). Obviously, NASA-GISS is unaware that the past 40 years have made great strides in measuring the greenhouse effect and temperature trends in the atmosphere, mainly through satellites. What may have been an intuitive sense years ago may be out of date today. See links under Defense of Orthodoxy.

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Seaweed: When reviewing a study on seaweed, CO2 Science finds:

“Seagrasses are important ecosystem engineers in marine environments and provide productive habitats for numerous species. They are also widespread in the world's oceans and span a significant number of thermal environments. As a result, researchers have long been interested in their response to projections of future climate change. "

Seagrass is especially valuable in temperate regions around the world, where it supports large numbers of grazing crustaceans that are an important part of the food chain. They thrive in soft seabed environments such as shallow bays and estuaries. These habitats include the west coast and Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in the United States.

In its review of studying seaweed in Puget Sound, Washington state and Chesapeake Bay, CO2 Science reported that the five scientists measured the growth performance and metabolic profile of two different populations in a range of five pCO2 levels above seawater pH levels examined from approximately 8.0 (ambient temperature) up to 6.0 (highly enriched with pCO2) over a year. (Note that alarmists would identify pH 6.0 as man-made acidification, although it does occur naturally.) CO2 Science explains:

“In describing their results, Zayas-Santiago et al. (the researchers) report that the two seagrass populations saw overall improvements in plant size, growth, and survival in response to CO2 enrichment. In addition, increased CO2 stimulated growth-related metabolites while suppressing the stress-related metabolites, indicating improved tolerance to high temperatures as well as improvements in growth.

"Regarding these important findings, the scientists say that their findings" suggest that seaweed populations react differently but overall positively to rising CO2 concentrations and create negative feedbacks on climate change (by binding increased amounts of carbon). "See links under Review of Latest Scientific Articles from CO2 Science

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Insect apocalypse: Jim Steele writes on his website about the modern, gloomy fairy tale that is told to children:

The American Psychological Association reports that young people suffer from "chronic fear of the end of the environment." A recent national survey found that 43 percent of our youth feel hopeless because of “environmental anxiety”. Psychologists warn that such hopelessness leads to suicide, drug addiction, and antisocial behavior. Why such environmental fear? Their hopelessness is determined solely by media narratives. Young people lack the scientific knowledge, years of observation, and they still need to acquire the critical thinking skills necessary to recognize an ecosystem collapse. His (sic) headlines such as that of the Guardian, "Falling insect numbers threaten the collapse of nature," provoke paranoia that "insects are on the road to extinction and threaten a" catastrophic collapse of nature's ecosystems ".

Steele points out that with modern farming techniques like Bt corn, fewer insecticides are used and less land needs to be cultivated to feed the public in the US (except when unnecessary biofuels are used). See links under Better Communicating With The Public – Use Propaganda For Children

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March: In 2006, British economist Nicholas Stern submitted a report to the UK government claiming that the future global cost of climate change will be far higher than the cost it incurs today. In it, he used completely unrealistic interest rates to calculate future costs and future benefits.

The United Nations IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4, 2007) incorrectly stated that greenhouse gases have been the main cause of warming since 1880, that the average northern hemisphere temperatures were higher than the Medieval Warm Period, and the effect of the urban heat island on world temperatures is negligible .

On this basis, the British government took the lead and passed the 2008 Climate Change Act. Now British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is leading the nation many do not want to be in. He has announced a ten-point program that includes a ban on the sale of vehicles running on petrol or diesel by 2030. There are many comments on this program. Some include:

“These far-reaching proposals are technically absurd, economically deceived and politically catastrophic. Does the Prime Minister have competent advisors? One wonders? "- Forum on Global Warming Policy

“The problem is the perverse goal that is at the center: the legally binding requirement set out in the Climate Protection Act to reduce CO2 emissions to zero by 2050.

“This is so poorly defined that the government's ten point plan is little more than a manifesto for the export of much of UK industry, food production and power generation.

"As long as the government hits the net zero target, we are doomed to pursue perverse policies that make the country poorer and do little or nothing to reduce global net carbon emissions." – Ross Clark, the spectator

"If the government was trying to harm the economy, they couldn't do better." Lord Lawson, Global Warming Policy Foundation

See links under Questioning Orthodoxy, Science, Politics and Evidence, Questioning Europe's Green and Energy Issues – Non-US.

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Exaggerated Fires: That year the public was bombarded by the press over forest, prairie or other fires now referred to as forest fires. Politicians blame climate change. The biggest problem is that few have knowledge of history and the press no longer cares. Future policies will not improve as long as ignorance rules the day. See links under Science, Politics, and Evidence and Better Communicating with the Public – Make It Up.

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Number of weeks: 75% and 145%. The Club of Rome, a well-funded private organization with great political influence, claimed for decades that its computer models had proven the world is about oil and natural gas. These calculated results were later shown to be a result of mathematical chaos, but not before President Carter believed it. Carter explains that the miracle fuel is coal. Of course, coal is now condemned, and natural gas has largely replaced coal in the US.

In Real Clear Energy, Rupert Darwall writes about the US as an energy exporter:

“America has increased its natural gas production by 75% since 2005 and its crude oil production by a spectacular 145% since 2008. The task of being the world's hydrocarbon superpower is a great strategic and economic sacrifice that no other country is making. "

The next few years will be interesting. See links under Change in US Administrations.

censorship

KNKX, James Madison and Mobs

James Madison, the lead author of the US Constitution, knew that all democracies had a serious vulnerability.

By Cliff Mass, Weather Blog, Nov 17, 2020

https://cliffmass.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2020-11-19T07:51:00-08:00&max-results=2

Suppression of scientific research

In the case of Peter Ridd, we will soon find out if academic freedom is important

By Janet Albrechtsen, The Australian, Via GWPF, November 16, 2020

Challenging Orthodoxy – NIPCC

Climate change covered II: Physics

Idso, Carter and Singer, lead authors / editors, Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), 2013

Summary: https://www.heartland.org/_template-assets/documents/CCR/CCR-II/Summary-for-Policymakers.pdf

Climate change reconsidered II: Biological effects

Idso, Idso, Carter and Singer, Lead Authors / Editors, Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), 2014

Summary: https://www.heartland.org/media-library/pdfs/CCR-IIb/Summary-for-Policymakers.pdf

Climate Change Covered II: Fossil Fuels

By multiple authors, Bezdek, Idso, Legates and Singer eds., Non-Governmental International Panel on Climate Change, April 2019

Free download:

Why Scientists Disagree with Global Warming

The NIPCC Scientific Consensus Report

By Craig D. Idso, Robert M. Carter and S. Fred Singer, Non-Governmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), November 23, 2015

Free download:

https://www.heartland.org/policy-documents/why-scientists-disagree-about-global-warming

Nature, not human activity, rules the climate

S. Fred Singer, Editor, NIPCC, 2008

Global Sea Level Rise: An Analysis of the Data

By Craig D. Idso, David Legates, and S. Fred Singer, Heartland Policy Brief, May 20, 2019

Challenging Orthodoxy

Dependence of the earth's thermal radiation on the five most common greenhouse gases

By W. A. ​​van Wijngaarden and W. Happer, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, submitted June 4, 2020

https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.03098

Link to the pre-release version: https://arxiv.org/pdf/2006.03098.pdf

The final game

By Joel Kotkin, Real Clear Energy, November 18, 2020

https://www.realclearenergy.org/articles/2020/11/18/the_end_game_650132.html

Boris & # 39; "Green Industrial Revolution" is forever economic standstill …

Editorial, GWPF, November 18, 2020

The ban on the sale of gasoline vehicles is a "colossal mistake".

By employees, GWPF, November 18, 2020

Link to the report: The Battery Car Delusion

By Gautam Kalghatgi, GWPF, 2020

Right to climate change on thin ice

By David Whitehouse, GWPF, Nov 19, 2020

"Another example of climate journalists and researchers who don't look closely at the data they report."

After all, not that easy

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Nov 18, 2020

(SEPP comment: Description of the work by van Wijngaarden and Happer

Defend Orthodoxy

Measurement of the greenhouse effect

By Gavin Schmidt, Science Briefs, NASA-GISS, October 2010, accessed November 19, 2020

https://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/briefs/schmidt_05/

Link to: CO2: The thermostat that regulates the earth's temperature

By Andrew Lacis, Science Briefs, NASA-GISS, October 2010, accessed November 19, 2020

https://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/briefs/lacis_01/

Link to the paper: Atmospheric CO2: Main controller for controlling the earth's temperature

By Andrew A. Lacis, David Rind, Gavin A. Schmidt, Reto A. Ruedy, Science, October 15, 2010

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/330/6002/356

"A study by GISS climate researchers recently published in the journal Science shows that atmospheric CO2 acts as a thermostat to control the earth's temperature."

The carbon cycle

By NASA staff, accessed November 19, 2020

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/features/CarbonCycle

“In the long term, the carbon cycle seems to maintain a balance that prevents all of the earth's carbon from entering the atmosphere (as is the case with Venus) or from being stored entirely in rocks. This balance helps keep the temperature of the earth relatively stable, like a thermostat. "

Boris & # 39; 10-point climate plan

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 18, 2020

"And all of this has been inevitable since the Climate Change Act was passed in 2008."

Questioning Orthodoxy

Surprise: the "smartest" people are actually painfully stupid

By Francis Menton, Manhattan Contrarian, November 17, 2020

https://www.manhattancontrarian.com/blog/2020-11-17-good-news-science-is-back

Bad rainforests

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Nov 18, 2020

"The article cites two institutes (the Evandro Chagas Institute in Belém and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation) and a scientist, Adalberto Luís Val from the National Institute for Amazon Research (INPA) in Manaus, all in Brazil threats severe:" 220 different types of Viruses in the Amazon, of which 37 can cause disease in humans and 15 have the potential to cause epidemics "from" various varieties of encephalitis "to" West Nile fever and Rocio, a Brazilian virus from "the same family that Yellow fever and West Nile produced. "

Bradley-Rob, not Ray, takes notice on Twitter

By Robert Bradley Jr., Master Resource, Nov 17, 2020

This time it's different

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Nov 18, 2020

To Paris!

Submit the Paris Climate Agreement to the Senate – so they can shoot it down

By Patrick Michaels, Washington Examiner, November 19, 2020

https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/submit-the-paris-climate-agreement-to-the-senate-so-they-can-shoot-it-down

Change in US administrations

Joe Biden's Net-Zero is not normal

By Rupert Darwall, Real Clear Energy, November 17, 2020

https://www.realclearenergy.org/articles/2020/11/16/joe_bidens_net-zero_isnt_normal_649867.html

The climate fraud: what we're up to

By Francis Menton, Manhattan Contrarian, November 19, 2020

https://www.manhattancontrarian.com/blog/2020-11-19-the-climate-scam-what-we-are-up-against

Scientists question the links between climate and extreme weather to monitor critical program: report

By Rachel Frazin, The Hill, Nov 16, 2020

https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/526160-scientist-questioning-ties-between-climate-and-extreme-weather-to

Possible, likely or unlikely? Climate policy in a Biden administration

By James W. Noe and Meghan E. Smith, Real Clear Energy, November 16, 2020

https://www.realclearenergy.org/articles/2020/11/16/possible_probable_or_unlikely_climate_change_policy_in_a_biden_administration_649699.html

Social benefits of carbon dioxide

Another proof that the CO2 fertilization effect is currently increasing global vegetative productivity

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Nov 18, 2020

(SEPP Comment: Repeat an important contribution from CO2 Science.)

Problems in Orthodoxy

China has started to step on the climate crisis – Guardian

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 20, 2020

“But we have to remember here that Ma Jun is not the brave activist the Guardian painted. He heads the Institute for Public Affairs and the Environment (IPE), a not-for-profit environmental research organization based in Beijing.

“But like Greenpeace China and other such organizations, the IPE has little real independence and is largely a tool of the Chinese government. Should Ma Jun ever deviate from government dictates, he would quickly disappear.

"As the IPE website shows, its partner organizations include four government agencies:"

Vijay Jayaraj: China and India are expanding their coal ambitions

By Vijay Jayaraj, GWPF, November 11, 2020

(SEPP comment: The graphic in the article on building coal-fired power plants contradicts claims in the Guardian, link immediately above.)

EU heads of state and government can delay groundbreaking decision on the 2030 climate target

By Nikos Chrysoloras and Ewa Krukowska, Bloomberg Green, November 18, 2020 (H / t GWPF)

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-11-18/eu-leaders-may-delay-landmark-decision-on-2030-climate-goal

I'm looking for common ground

The hustle and bustle of climate change

John Stossel: In 50 years of reporting fears, only COVID has proven true

By John Stossel, World Net Daly, November 17, 2020 (H / t Bernie Kepshire)

Science, Politics and Evidence

How much damage can America do with its energy plan?

By Francis Menton, Manhattan Contrarian, November 14, 2020

https://www.manhattancontrarian.com/blog/2020-11-14-how-much-damage-can-biden-do-with-his-energy-plan

"I'm old enough to remember when leaders thought it was their job to help people achieve prosperity." Now it seems that we will shortly have a president and a bureaucracy determined to impoverish the American people and undermine their security by making less energy available and increasing the price. And all to achieve absolutely nothing. "

No Home Treatment For COVID? Here it is

Dr. Jane Orient provides simple guidance that your government will not want to give

By WND Staff, World Net Daily, Nov 17, 2020 (H / t Bernie Kepshire)

The total failure of another bushfire panel

By Roger Underwood, Quadrant, November 19, 2020

“Then I saw the Commission's mandate. My heart sank on my boots. These were clearly designed to provide an opportunity for the Prime Minister and the state bushfire courts to evade accountability. The focus would be on processes, not results, management, not operations, response, not damage control. "

COVID lockdowns did not affect atmospheric CO2

By Tony Heller, His Blog, November 18, 2020

https://realclimatescience.com/2020/11/covid-lockdowns-have-had-no-impact-on-atmospheric-co2/

Get back to work – the planet needs you!

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 16, 2020

"You won't be happy until we're back in the dark age with no technology and no life."

Editorial: Boris Johnson risks a wrong turn

By staff, Daily Mail, Via GWPF, November 18, 2020

Review of current scientific articles from CO2 Science

The effects of CO2 and water stress on peppers

Fan, X., Cao, X., Zhou, H., Hao, L., Dong, W., He, C., Xu, M., Wu, H., Wang, L., Chang, Z. and Zheng, Y. 2020. Carbon dioxide fertilization effect on plant growth under soil water stress is associated with changes in stomatal properties, leaf photosynthesis and leaf nitrogen of paprika (Capsicum annuum L.). Environmental and Experimental Botany 179: 104203, doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2020.104203. 20th November 2020

http://www.co2science.org/articles/V23/nov/a9.php

The positive reaction of two seagrass populations to the CO2 enrichment

Zayas-Santiago, C., Rivas-Ubach, A., Kuo, L.-J., Ward, N.D. and Zimmerman, R.C. 2020. The metabolic profiling shows biochemical pathways that are responsible for the reaction of seaweed to increased CO2 and increased temperature. Scientific Reports 10: 4693. November 18, 2020

http://www.co2science.org/articles/V23/nov/a8.php

The growth response of maize to CO2 over two generations

Khan, I., Vanaja, M., Sathish, P. and Vagheera, P. 2020. Influence of elevated CO2 on two successive generations of CO2-responsive maize genotype. Climate Dynamics 44: 3469- 3479. November 16, 2020

http://www.co2science.org/articles/V23/nov/a7.php

It can be concluded that the many benefits of atmospheric CO2 enrichment, observed in thousands of experiments with first-generation plants, greatly underestimate the real effects of this benevolent gas, which appear to intensify over generations.

Models v. Observations

Uncertain certainty: Germany's Potsdam climate institute humiliated after one year of El Nino forecast model flops

By P Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, November 15, 2020

Uncertain Certainty: Germany’s Potsdam Climate Institute Humiliated After One-Year El Nino Forecast Model Flops

"Prof. Hans-Joachim (John) Schellnhuber, emeritus director of PIK, explained: "This clever combination of measurement data and mathematics gives us unique insights – and we make them available to those affected."

A long-distance connection: the polar climate influences the strength of the trade winds in the tropics

Press release from the University of Hawaii at Manoa, November 20, 2020 (H / t Bernie Kepshire)

https://phys.org/news/2020-11-distance-polar-climate-affects-strength.html

Link to the paper: Walker's circulation reaction to extratropical radiative forcing

Sarah M. Kang et al. Advances in Science, November 20, 2020

https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/47/eabd3021

Model problems

A comprehensive climate model of the Red Sea

Press release, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), November 16, 2020 (H / t WUWT)

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-11/kauo-asc111620.php

Measurement problems – surface

An explosion from the past

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Nov 18, 2020

A blast from the past

2 Further studies confirm an apparent lack of correlation between CO2 and temperature

By Kenneth Richard, No Tricks Zone, November 16, 2020

2 More Studies Affirm A Glaring Lack Of Correlation Between CO2 And Temperature

Link to a study: Lake Heimtjønna in Dovre, central Norway, shows remarkable late glacial and Holocene sediment environments as well as the early establishment of spruce (Picea abies), alder (Alnus cf. Incana) and alpine plants with current centric distributions

By Aage Paus, Quaternary International, Sep 8, 2020

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1040618220305474

Unmatched data from GHCN V3 shows Casa Blanca, Cuba has had a cooling trend since 1880

By Kirye, Tony Hellers Blog, Nov 19, 2020

https://realclimatescience.com/2020/11/ghcn-v3-unadjusted-data-shows-casa-blanca-cuba-had-a-cooling-trend-since-1880/

Changing weather

Current decade warmer globally than previous decade – Due to powerful natural oceanic cycles, not CO2

By P Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, November 18, 2020

Current Decade Globally Warmer Than Previous Decade – Due To Powerful Natural Oceanic Cycles, Not CO2

The best early snow in years

By Cliff Mass, Weather Blog, Nov 19, 2020

https://cliffmass.blogspot.com/2020/11/the-best-early-snow-in-years.html

"Great. The entire Northwest is not only above normal, but also above normal, like 441% of normal at the Olympics. The kind of map that skiers and water managers love to see."

Cooling Planet: NASA projects Deep La Niña Event, peak temperature deviation up to -3 ° C!

By P. Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, November 14, 2020

Cooling Planet: NASA Projects Deep La Niña Event, Peak Temperature Deviation Up To -3°C!

(SEPP Comment: The peak can come from a model that deviates significantly from the majority of the projections.)

Changing seas

"Scientists say"

By Tony Heller, His Blog, November 17, 2020

https://realclimatescience.com/2020/11/scientists-say-9/

Altering the cryosphere – land / sea ice

Strange sea ice pattern over Hudson Bay as winds blow polar bears offshore

By Susan Crockford, Polar Bear Science, Nov 16, 2020

Strange sea ice pattern over Hudson Bay as winds blow polar bears offshore

There's a lot of ice in the Arctic (Part II)

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Nov 18, 2020

There’s a lot of ice in the Arctic (Part II)

Good news: Results of the survey on polar bears in the Gulf of Boothia and on the M’Clintock Channel

By Susan Crockford, Polar Bear Science, Nov 17, 2020

Good news: Gulf of Boothia and M’Clintock Channel polar bear survey results

Lower standards

Hydrogen, WSJ spin

By Donn Dears, Power For USA, November 20, 2020

https://ddears.com/2020/11/20/hydrogen-wsj-spin/

Who wrote the report of the climate protection assembly?

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 15, 2020

Who Wrote The Climate Assembly Report?

Communicate better with the public – exaggerate or be vague?

Slower Decay of Hurricanes in a Warmer World – Really?

By Frank Bosse, Climate Etc. 17th November 2020

(SEPP Comment: More on the "peer-reviewed" science published in Nature.)

Communicate better with the public – make things up.

New footage reveals Netflix fake walrus climate deaths

By employees, GWPF, November 19, 2020

New footage reveals Netflix faked walrus climate deaths

Greenland Meltdown Hoax

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 13, 2020

Greenland Meltdown Hoax

"Worst fire season ever."

By Tony Heller, His Blog, November 14, 2020

https://realclimatescience.com/2020/11/worst-fire-season-on-record/

New Video: Worst Junk Science Season Ever

By Tony Heller, His Blog, November 114, 2020

https://realclimatescience.com/2020/11/new-video-worst-junk-science-season-on-record/

All for a good cause

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Nov 18, 2020

All for a good cause

Communicate better with the public – use propaganda

Tesla Supercharging is now more expensive than filling up on gasoline

By Toby Hagon, Whichcar, November 13, 2020

https://www.whichcar.com.au/car-news/teslas-now-more-expensive-to-charge-than-petrol-cars

"But it doesn't excuse the obviously incorrect numbers on the Tesla website that charging is cheaper than paying for gas."

Communicate better with the public – use propaganda for children

Children and the Insect Apocalypse

By Jim Steele, Landscapes and Cycles, accessed November 21, 2020

http://landscapesandcycles.net/children-and-the-insect-apocalypse-.html

Link to report: How is land used in the US? A focus on farmland

By Cynthia Nickerson and Allison Borchers, Economic Research Service, USDA, March 1 2012

https://www.ers.usda.gov/amber-waves/2012/march/data-feature-how-is-land-used/#:~:text=US%20land%20area%20covers%20nearly,forestland% 20 has decreased% 20% 20more% 20 quickly.

Updated data: main land use

By Scott Callahan, Economic Research Service, USDA April 16 2020

https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/major-land-uses/

Communicate better with the public – protest

German Bundestag accused of having passed a Covid-19 enabling law

By Eric Worrall, WUWT, November 21, 2020

Extension of Orthodoxy

The Montreal Protocol continues the process of converting it into a climate treaty

By Ben Lieberman, CEI, November 20, 2020

https://cei.org/blog/montreal-protocol-continues-process-of-morphing-into-a-climate-treaty/

The claims of the Red Cross about increasing climate disasters are "grossly misleading".

Press release, GWPF, November 20, 2020

Red Cross claims of increasing climate disasters is “grossly misleading”

Link to the report: World Disasters Report 2020: Come Heat or High Water: Working together against the humanitarian impact of the climate crisis.

By employees of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies,

https://media.ifrc.org/ifrc/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/20201116_WorldDisasters_Full.pdf

Tiny houses to solve the climate crisis, the UN report suggests

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 19, 2020

Tiny homes to fix the climate crisis, UN report suggests

(SEPP comment: For others, not for them!)

Questioning European greenery

The fatal flaw in Boris' ten-point carbon plan

By Ross Clark, The Spectator, November 18, 2020

https://www.spectator.co.uk/article/the-fatal-flaw-in-boris-s-ten-point-carbon-plan

Lord Lawson criticizes Prime Minister Johnson as "economically illiterate"

By employees, GWPF, November 18, 2020

Lord Lawson criticises Prime Minister Johnson for being ‘economically illiterate’

"If the government was trying to harm the economy, they couldn't do better."

More Boris disasters are waiting to happen

By Andrew Montford, The Conservative Woman, November 18, 2020

More Boris disasters waiting to happen

The German conversion into green energies will fail because of wind power

By Prof. Fritz Vahrenholt, Die kalte Sonne, No Tricks Zone, November 17, 2020

Pie In The Sky…Germany’s Green Energy Scheme Will Fail From “Astronomical Cost”, Says Energy Expert

Ask green elsewhere

Millions in Africa are being sacrificed for extreme poverty, premature death on the altar of "green energy"

By Gregory Wrightstone, The Daily Signal, Nov 17, 2020

“Renewable Energy” and its four icebergs

By Rafe Champion, Quadrant, November 20, 2020

(SEPP Comment: Isn't Renewable Unsinkable?)

Funding problems

Bezos is donating $ 10 billion from the Earth Fund for the first time

By Rebecca Beitsch, The Hill, November 16, 2020

https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/526161-bezos-makes-first-donations-from-10-billion-earth-fund

Jeff Bezos announces the first beneficiaries of his $ 10 billion climate fund

Unlike other tech giants with climate change pledges, Bezos focuses on stakeholder funding

By Jastine Calma, The Verge, November 16, 2020

https://www.theverge.com/2020/11/16/21569902/jeff-bezos-first-recipients-10-billion-climate-change-fund

The political games continue

The legislature condemns Trump's "destabilizing" and "politicizing" measures to assess the climate

By Rebecca Beitsch, The Hill, November 19, 2020

https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/526747-lawmakers-condemn-trumps-destabilizing-and-politicizing-moves-on

"We cannot stand by and tolerate the repression, censorship and manipulation of climate science," wrote the legislature in the letter from Rep. Suzanne Bonamici (D-Ore.).

(SEPP Comment: Does this apply to handling physical evidence?)

Cap and trade and carbon taxes

Road cargo is getting closer

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 16, 2020

The UK plans to charge motorists for every mile they drive in electric cars

By staff, Daily Mail, Via GWPF, November 16, 2020

Subsidies and mandates forever

"Is it time for the renewable energy political case?" (Peacock in the Houston Chronicle)

By Robert Bradley Jr.Master Resource on Nov 18, 2020

TCI (Transportation and Climate Initiative): Taxing the poor for the benefit of the rich

By Steve Haner, Bacon's Rebellion, November 20, 2020 (H / t WUWT)

Energy Problems – Non-US

Authoritarian, elitist, anti-motorist … and devastatingly expensive: Drivers, companies and economists criticize the Prime Minister's "Stalinist" plan to ban new gasoline and diesel vehicles by 2030 – a date NOT included in the Tory Manifesto – and his Ten point green revolution plan

By James Tapsfield and Mark Duell, Daily Mail, Nov 19, 2020

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8961671/Drivers-slam-Boris-Johnsons-Stalinist-order-ban-new-petrol-diesel-cars.html

The influence of electric vehicles on network capacity

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 20, 2020

“While the average car may only need to be charged an hour or two a night, most drivers will start charging in a short amount of time, with most cars charging between 6pm and 8pm. In this scenario, and assuming half of the country's cars are charged at this point, we need 112 GW of capacity. (16 million cars at 7 KW) "

Aurora's blackout analysis

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 14, 2020

Link to the summary: First analysis and thoughts on the power outages on the 9th.

August (2019)

By contributors, Aurora Energy Research, November 2020

Energy issues – USA

Michigan governor tries to prevent oil spills in Great Lakes by shutting down the aging pipeline

By Olivia Rosane, EcoWatch, November 16, 2020

https://www.ecowatch.com/michigan-enbridge-pipeline-whitmer-2648940155.html

(SEPP Comment: Forcing an Old Pipeline to Shut Down to Avoid Building a New One?)

Oil and Natural Gas – The Future or the Past?

Study shows how natural gas production in shale can be improved

By Staff Writers, Los Alamos NM (SPX) November 13, 2020

https://www.oilgasdaily.com/reports/Study_reveals_how_to_improve_natural_gas_production_in_shale_999.html

Link to the paper: Reduced methane recovery at high pressure by methane capture in slate nanopores

By Chelsea W. Neil et al. Nature Communications, November 10, 2020

https://www.nature.com/articles/s43247-020-00047-w

Sempra builds LNG export facility in Baja

By Rob Nikolewski, San Diego Union-Tribune, November 17, 2020

https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/business/story/2020-11-17/sempra-to-build-lng-export-facility-in-baja

(SEPP Comment: Does not explain the expected source of natural gas, likely Texas and New Mexico.)

Russia is pressing ahead with plans to expand gas supplies to Asia

By Vusala Abbasova, Caspian News, October 31, 2020 (H / t GWPF)

https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/russia-pushes-ahead-with-plans-to-expand-gas-supplies-to-asia-2020-10-30-13/

The 2020 hurricane season cut GOM oil production by over 40 million barrels

By David Middleton, WUWT, November 18, 2020

Return of King Coal?

Carbon coalition: clean coal technology can fight energy poverty in Africa

By David Middleton, WUWT, November 17, 2020

Link to the paper: New-Tech American Coal-Fired Electricity for Africa: Clean Air, Inside and Outside

By Kathleen White et al. CO2 coalition, November 2020

From the paper: “Energy analysts agree that Africa’s cheap, abundant and easily transportable coal continues to be used extensively for electricity. Without modern “scrubbing” and other technologies to neutralize pollutants, Africa could trade one health crisis for another. "

How soon will the electrical industry leave coal?

By Leonard Hyman and William Tilles, Oil Price.com, November 17, 2020

https://oilprice.com/Energy/Coal/How-Fast-Will-The-Electric-Industry-Exit-Coal.html

Alternative, green ("clean") sun and wind

Cultural motives for the use of renewable wind and solar energy

By Andy West, Climate Etc. 19th November 2020

“Right here at Climate Etc, the first of the excellent analyzes by & # 39; Planning Engineer & # 39; (On retirement, it was revealed that Russ Schussler, former vice president of transmission planning at Georgia Transmission Corporations) praised the limitation of technical analysis. First line: “Power system planners do not have the expertise or knowledge to tell if the benefits are a reduction in CO2 emissions is worth the cost or not. However, they should be viewed as experts in order to have a better understanding of the implications and costs of such programs. "

Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Energy – Others

Report: In retrospect, the burning of wood in district heating power plants has led to climate protection

A new report from the University of Copenhagen shows that burning wood is much more climate-friendly than coal and slightly more climate-friendly than (natural gas in the long run).

Press release, Faculty of Science – University of Copenhagen, November 17, 2020

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-11/fos–rir111720.php

(SEPP Comment: What If The Trees Are Gone? Wood burning and logging practically wiped out forests on the US east coast until coal replaced wood.)

Step aside, green hydrogen, there's a new, cleaner color in town

By Whitaker B. Irvin Jr., Real Clear Energy, November 20, 2020

https://www.realclearenergy.org/articles/2020/11/20/step_aside_green_hydrogen_theres_a_new_cleaner_color_in_town_650321.html

Deal revives plan to remove dams on Klamath River to save salmon

By Gillian Flaccus, AP, November 17, 2020

https://www.statesmanjournal.com/story/tech/science/environment/2020/11/17/deal-revives-plan-removal-dams-klamath-river-salmon/6334290002/

From the Klamath River Project, PacifiCorp:

https://www.pacificorp.com/energy/hydro/klamath-river.html#:~:text=Project%20overview-,PacifiCorp's%20169%2Dmegawatt%20(MW)%20Klamath%20Hydroelectric%20Project % 20 (FERC, requires% 20 of% 20 about% 2070% 2C000% 20 households.

“PacifiCorp's 169-megawatt (MW) Klamath hydropower project (FERC # 2082) is located in a predominantly rural area in southern Oregon. The project generates around 716 gigawatt hours of emission-free electricity annually – enough electricity to cover the energy needs of around 70,000 households. "

"It's bleak, but I want to hope that with the dam removed and all the prayers we've sent over the years, salmon can return. If we just give them one chance, they will," said Chook- Chook Hillman, a Karuk tribe member who is fighting to have the dam removed, "If you provide a good spot for salmon, they will always come home."

(SEPP Comment: Salmon spawning in rivers has not returned on the east coast.)

Alternative, green (“clean”) vehicles

New CEI paper asks: Would more electric vehicles be good for the environment?

By Ben Lieberman, CEI, November 17, 2020

https://cei.org/news_releases/new-cei-paper-asks-would-more-electric-vehicles-be-good-for-the-environment/

Link to the paper: Would more electric vehicles be good for the environment?

By Ben Lieberman, CEI, November 20202

Electric cars are great fun for wealthy virtue signs, but are a terrible way to save the planet

By Björn Lomborg, Via Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 20, 2020

No gasoline cars after 2035

By Donn Dears, Power For USA, November 17, 2020

California dreams

California governor apologizes for violating his own Covid-19 lockdown rules

By Eric Worrall, WUWT, November 18, 2020

Nolte: Photos question Newsom's French outdoor laundry party

By John Nolte, Breitbart, November 18, 2020

https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2020/11/18/nolte-photos-call-question-newsoms-outdoor-french-laundry-party/

Health, Energy and Climate

Now in the real world

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Nov 18, 2020

“But it has a lot to do with the situation indirectly, because the Post story is about real pollution causing real misery and disease and requiring real and expensive solutions. Instead, the best and brightest want the Indian government, like others, to spend their time tackling carbon pollution, leaving many of its people too poor to afford efficient indoor heating and cooking, proper agricultural machinery, and other essentials. to rid Delhi of the suffocating smog that can no longer be found in western cities from London to Los Angeles. "

Other scientific news

Claim: The largest radio observatory in the United States is on the verge of structural collapse

By Eric Worrall, WUWT, November 18, 2020

BELOW THE BOTTOM LINE

Josh 2021

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 15, 2020

(SEPP Comment: How to Get the 2021 Calendar with Josh Cartoons.)

Maldives "sink" forests, pave beaches, build four new airports for future tourism!

By P Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, November 20, 2020

(SEPP Comment: No More Underwater Cabinet Meetings?)

Donegal: Peat landslide in connection with a wind farm in Dáil

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, November 18, 2020

"So much for this wonderful" green energy "!"

"The river flows into the Foyle catchment area, which is EU protected as an important salmon habitat." (In Northern Ireland)

ITEMS

1. California, love it and leave it

Bad politics made the state uninhabitable, so I moved my family and my venture capital firm to Texas.

By Joe Lonsdale, WSJ, Nov 15, 2020

https://www.wsj.com/articles/california-love-it-and-leave-it-11605472619?mod=hp_opin_pos_2

TWTW summary: The general partner of the venture capital company 8VC writes:

“I love California, but I had to go. I grew up in Fremont, attended Stanford, and spent most of my adult life in the San Francisco Bay Area, starting tech companies like Palantir and Addepar, and investing in many others. In 2011, I founded 8VC, a venture capital firm that now manages more than $ 3.6 billion in committed capital. Few top venture capitalists are considering living anywhere other than California and a handful of global financial centers, but I and dozens of my 8VC peers are moving to a new land of opportunity: Texas.

“The hard truth is, California has fallen into disrepair. Bad policies discourage businesses and innovation, stifle opportunities, and make life in big cities ugly and uncomfortable.

“Forty years ago my parents came to California because anything could be achieved in the Golden State. Government policy encouraged entrepreneurship. Dreamers and doers could thrive. Activities in technology, finance, medicine, energy, and many other industries lasted for decades. But now a state like Texas offers those opportunities without the hassles and baggage that California has accumulated. Let me give you a few personal examples:

"• Public safety. Poorly designed criminal justice reforms and radical prosecutors put a strain on urban life. Three of my co-workers' wives have been molested and persecuted from crumbling streets in San Francisco littered with needles and human waste. My wife is scared of ours young daughters walking around town The police often do not even respond to harassment and property crimes, which have risen sharply. The property crime rate in San Francisco is now the highest in the country.

"• Electricity. The devastating smoke that has blanketed California's cities is one thing. But power outages that have stressed us spoiling our daughter's breast milk are a direct result of the incompetence of the California government. Last year the state had 25,000 power outages." , and this year it was worse. The electricity is turned on and off like in third world countries. Now Texas has its own power grid with an abundant and varied supply. It's nice to turn the lights on whenever we want.

"• Susceptibility. In the early days of the March pandemic, 8VC asked the San Francisco Mayor and city officials to clarify the rules so our critical staff can work on accelerating Covid-19 testing and therapeutic development The city wouldn't answer. Texas government officials run the business, they return calls.

"• Casing. California's restrictive zoning laws make it nearly impossible for many key low- and middle-income workers to live near major cities. In Texas, permissive zoning allows every employee to live close to work and spend time with friends and family rather than enduring the strenuous commute.

"That's not all. The California government is committed to the public sector unions, and spending is spiraling out of control. An interrupted environmental review process means it takes a decade to pay lawyers to build something. Legislation makes it business impossible to hire contractors without exception – granted by friends in lawmakers and the music industry, or won a referendum by spending hundreds of millions like gig economy companies with drivers have just done. That is not what developed countries do.

“In many ways, politics in the state is closed to different ideas. We grew tired of California's intolerant left, who would rather demonize opponents than discuss honest disagreements.

“I will continue to invest in Silicon Valley startups and fight to help the state. In the long run, I am optimistic that California can return to the values ​​that made it the dynamic hub of global tech entrepreneurship. But until the priorities change, the state will lose its top builders and creators.

“In 2000 or 2010 it made sense to build in San Francisco. There was all the talent there, but nothing more. Except for a few concentrated pieces of advanced biotech and software infrastructure technology, talented people are building cutting edge technology companies across the country. This division of talent will spread prosperity in the US. Some of my most prolific business friends from California moved here with us to Texas. Others have traveled to Miami, Nashville, Las Vegas, and other major American cities. Six of our portfolio companies are already based in Austin and employ hundreds of people.

“Our investments follow talent. We bet America's future will be built in the middle of the country, in places with good government and decent living costs. In other words, places like Texas.

"My company has a motto:" The world is broken, let's fix it. "We are investing in technology and people that will change important industries and improve the lives of millions. It is tragic that California is no longer hospitable to this mission, but nice that Texas is. Our job as entrepreneurs and investors is to to shape the future, and I don't know any better place than Texas. "

********************

2. Colorado targets oil and gas

Regulators denigrate fossil fuels as they stand ready to enact new rules.

Editorial, WSJ, November 20, 2020

https://www.wsj.com/articles/colorado-targets-oil-and-gas-11605915600?mod=opinion_lead_pos4

TWTW summary: In order to demonstrate that the regulatory authorities are more important than the public in a regulatory state, the editorial team says:

“Colorado regulators are preparing to approve major new restrictions on oil and gas companies on Monday. Meanwhile, this week companies got an unintended glimpse of how their regulators despise them.

“For years, state law required the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission to strike a balance between developing energy and protecting the environment and the public. But the Democrats tipped the scales against oil and gas with Senate Bill 181 last year.

“The new legislation has installed professional regulators on the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission while reducing the number of energy agents. Nach dem neuen Gesetz besteht die Aufgabe der Kommission nicht mehr darin, die Energieentwicklung zu „fördern“, sondern sie zu „regulieren“, um die Umwelt, die Tierwelt und die öffentliche Gesundheit, Sicherheit und das Wohlergehen zu schützen.

„Am Montag werden die Regulierungsbehörden voraussichtlich neue Beschränkungen im Rahmen einer umfassenderen Überarbeitung der Regeln für die Energieentwicklung in Colorado abschließen. Am bedeutendsten ist ein Vorschlag zur Einschränkung der Entwicklung neuer Energie in einem Umkreis von 2.000 Fuß um Schulen, Häuser und andere Gebäude sowie ein Vorschlag, der Rückschläge in der Nähe von Wasserstraßen und Wildtieren zur Folge hätte. Dies könnte Millionen Morgen Land in Colorado für Fracking sperren. Die Kommission sagt, dass Öl- und Gasunternehmen unter bestimmten Umständen Ausnahmen beantragen könnten, aber es gibt keine Garantie dafür, dass sie gewährt werden. Nach dem neuen Regulierungssystem würde dies dem Ermessen der Regulierungsbehörden überlassen bleiben.

„Die Wähler in Colorado lehnten 2018 ein ähnliches Programm ab, als sie Prop. 112 ablehnten, was der Energieentwicklung einen Rückschlag von 2.500 Fuß auferlegt hätte. Diese Wahlmaßnahme hätte 85% aller nicht bundesstaatlichen Grundstücke verboten und bis 2030 bis zu 1,1 Milliarden US-Dollar an verlorenen jährlichen Steuereinnahmen gekostet, so eine Analyse des Common Sense Policy Roundtable, die von der Fakultät aus geprüft wurde die Colorado School of Mines. Coloradans waren nicht bereit, diese Kosten zu tragen.

"Keine Ursache. Die Kommission bereitet sich nun darauf vor, über eine andere Version derselben Idee abzustimmen, und hat sich nicht die Mühe gemacht, den potenziellen Schaden für Arbeitsplätze oder die Wirtschaft in Colorado zu analysieren. Dies ist kein kleines Manko in einem Bundesstaat, der 2018 in den USA den siebten Platz bei der Energieerzeugung belegt hat. Rund 100.000 Einwohner sind für ihren Lebensunterhalt von der Industrie abhängig.

„Die Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission hat die Verletzung durch einen aufschlussreichen Internetfehler, der sich am Sonntag abspielte, zusätzlich beleidigt. Die Mitarbeiter bastelten an einem neuen Online-Ablagesystem und schickten Öl- und Gasentwicklern versehentlich eine Test-E-Mail, die "abfällige falsche Firmennamen" enthielt, berichtete die Denver Post. Der Snark enthielt so subtile Beinamen wie "Snake Oil Inc", "Bad Oil and Gas" und "The Lorax".

"Die Sprecherin der Kommission, Megan Castle, entschuldigte sich für die Beleidigungen und sagte, sie" zeige nicht, wer wir als Einzelpersonen oder als Organisation sind. " Aber es zeigt auf jeden Fall, was die Aufsichtsbehörden über die Branche denken, in der so viele ihrer Mitbürger beschäftigt sind. “

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